Challenges faced by the agriculture Sector in Pakistan
Pakistan’s agriculture sector plays a central role in the economy as it contributes 18.9 percent to gross domestic product and absorbs 42. 3 percent of the labor force. The government had to import sugar, wheat, palm oil, and pulses to bridge the shortfall in domestic production. These agricultural items can be produced in Pakistan. But are not enough to fulfill domestic demand. Pakistan is facing a huge current account deficit; hence, it cannot afford to larger current account deficit. Therefore, it needs to find an effective solution to boost its domestic agriculture production by resolving the problems faced by farmers in Pakistan, saving precious foreign reserves, and providing food security.
Lack of irrigation facilities is also a problem in cultivating land that is irrigable only in Pakistan has 28 percent, compared to 80 percent in India. This is because of the lack of an efficient water management system and poor infrastructure. The farmers are enable to store agricultural goods for a long time without them going to waste due to a lack of cold storage and storage facilities. They are completed to sell them at a lower than the actual market price. Which forces the government to import more agricultural goods in the off-season. Due to the extremely hot weather in Pakistan. The crops need a high amount of irrigation to grow. However, due to a lack of irrigation infrastructure, the farmers must use tube wells to water their crops. However, electricity is not available to them, and fuel is costly. The following are some ways in which the state of Pakistan can help to solve some of the issues faced by farmers. Firstly, provide storage facilities to the farmers near their fields. Second supply of electricity to formers. The farmers should be given subsidies on fertilizers to promote their use. And the last, the government should educate and provide loans on easy terms to the farmers to purchase agricultural machinery.
Writer: Sonia Khan
The agricultural sector of Pakistan is facing numerous challenges, such as low levels of education and training among farmers and a lack of access to advanced technology and infrastructure. Nowadays, farmers face increasing weather and more extreme events like floods and droughts that have changed the growing seasons, limited water availability, and allowed needs and fungi to their crop productivity. Many farmers in Pakistan still rely on traditional farming methods. These methods are not efficient and contribute to the low yield of crops. Another important factor is increasing population and urbanization, which causes random land biodiversity that results in water scarcity for agricultural food. As fertilizers play an important role in the growth of crops, some farmers use fertilizers that are outdated and do not know the exact amount to utilize them. All these factors are contributing to the effect of the agriculture sector in Pakistan. So, the government should increase awareness among farmers for the best yield.
Writer: Sehrish ismail
As we all know, agriculture is the backbone of the economy. But there are many difficulties faced by the agricultural sector. The population in Pakistan is increasing day by day, and for them, a large amount of food is needed. For this purpose, farmers used many fertilizers. Due to this, the fertility of soil decreases.
Another problem that the agriculture sector is facing is poor seed capability. Seeds are not good; therefore, the production is decreasing. Another challenge is that in Pakistan, there is a lack of dams. When the food comes to Pakistan, the crops are destroyed. Due to the huge loss the agriculture sector faced. When the growing season of the crop comes, the water decreases in canals. Farmers gave water to crops with money. Due to this reason, many areas remain uncultivated. Another reason is that in Pakistan, much area is not capable of crop production. , Then this area remains uncultivated. Sprays are very costly now a day if farmer cannot afford this, then his crop will not give him a good yield.
Fertilizers are also very costly in Pakistan. Many people save them in shops and show all the farmers that there is a shortage of fertilizers that there is a shortage of fertilizers and unwillingly, farmers buy them for huge money. The export of cotton is high, but when cotton is bought from farmers, they take it at a low price in Pakistan, increasing suddenly. In the next year, due to the export of wheat, the Pakistanis public faced a shortage of four. Another reason is that farmers are not aware of the overuse of fertilizers, sprays, and water. The agricultural officers do not do their duty in a good manner. They don’t help the main challenges faced by the agricultural sector.
Writer: Kiran Shehzadi
Challenges refer to difficulties or obstacles that need to be overcome in order to achieve a desired outcome. In the context of agriculture, challenges can include water scarcity, limited access to modern farming techniques, financial constraints for farmers, unpredictable weather and disease outbreaks, and market fluctuations. Water scarcity refers to a situation where there is a lack of sufficient water resources to meet the needs of a population or the demands of various sectors, such as agriculture, industry, and household. It can cause rainfall, overuse of water resources, and inadequate infrastructure for water storage and distribution. In Pakistan, water scarcity poses a significant challenge to the agriculture sector, affecting crop production and the livelihood of farmers.
To address this problem of scarcity, we can implement various strategies, such as improving water management practices, promoting efficient irrigation techniques, and investing in water conservation and storage infrastructure. Additionally, raising awareness about water conservation among farmers and the general public can also contribute to mitigating water scarcity. Together, these efforts can help us overcome these challenges and ensure sustainable agriculture practices.
Writer: Dua Gillani
This story was submitted by Sonia Khan, Sehrish Ismail, Kiran Shezadi & Dua Gillani students of Tareen Education Foundation’s core school. We have made certain revisions in accordance with the rules and regulations of writing to enhance the story’s coherence and flow.